As part of a larger platform of communication media, journalism contributes to this experi- ence of the world-as-a-single-place and thus represents a key component in these social transformations, both as cause and outcome. These issues at the intersection of journalism and globalization define an important and growing field of research, particularly concerning the public sphere and spaces for political discourse. By placing the emphasis on social practices, elites, and specific geographical spaces, I introduce a less media-centric approach to media globalization and how journalism fits into the process. Like every other social practice, journalism cannot now fully be understood apart from globalization.
As part of a larger platform of communication media, journalism contributes to this experi-ence of the world-as-a-single-place and thus represents a key component in these socialtransformations, both as cause and outcome. These issues at the intersection of journalism andglobalization define an important online journalism and the global public sphere essay growing field of research, particularly concerning the publicsphere and spaces for political discourse.
In this essay, I review this intersection of journalism andglobalization by considering the communication fields approach to media globalization within abroader interdisciplinary perspective that mixes the sociology of globalization with aspects of geo-graphy and social anthropology.
By placing the emphasis on social practices, elites, and specificgeographical spaces, I introduce a less media-centric approach to media globalization and howjournalism fits into the process. Beyond global village journalism, this perspective captures thechanges globalization has brought to journalism.
Like every other social practice, journalism cannot now fully be understood apart fromglobalization. This process refers to the intensification of social interconnections, whichallows apprehending the world as a single place, creating a greater awareness of our ownplace and its relative location within the range of world experience.
As part of a largerplatform of communication media, journalism contributes to this experience and thusrepresents a key component in these social transformations, both as cause and outcome. These issues at the intersection of journalism and globalization define an important andgrowing field of research, particularly concerning the public sphere and spaces for politi-cal discourse.
The study of globalization has become a fashionable growth industry,attracting an interdisciplinary assortment of scholars. Journalism, meanwhile, itself hasbecome an important subject in its own right within media studies, with a growing num-ber of projects taking an international perspective reviewed in Reese Combiningthe two areas yields a complex subject that requires some careful sorting out to getbeyond the jargon and the easy countryby-country case studies.
From the globalization studies side, the media role often seems like an afterthought, aresidual category of social change, or a self-evident symbol of the global eraCNN, forexample.
Indeed, globalization research has been slower to consider the changing role ofjournalism, compared to the attention devoted to financial and entertainment flows. Thatmay be expected, given that economic and cultural globalization is further along than thatof politics, and journalism has always been closely tied to democratic structures, many ofwhich are inherently rooted in local communities.
The media-centrism of communica-tion research, on the other hand, may give the mediaand the journalism associated withthemtoo much credit in the globalization process, treating certain media as the primarydriver of global connections and the proper object of study.
Therefore, we want to know how journalism has contributed to these newspaces, bringing together new combinations of transnational elites, media professionals,and citizens. To what extent are these interactions shaped by a globally consistent sharedlogic, and what are the consequences for social change and democratic values?
Here,however, the discussion often gets reduced to whether a cultural homogenization is tak-ing place, supporting a McWorld thesis of a unitary media and journalistic form.
Butwe do not have to subscribe to a one-world media monolith prediction to expect certaintransnational logics to emerge to take their place along side existing ones. Journalism atits best contributes to social transparency, which is at the heart of the globalization opti-mists hopes for democracy e.
The insertion of these new logics intonational communities, especially those closed or tightly controlled societies, can bring animportant impulse for social change seen in a number of case studies from China, as inReese and Dai In this essay, I will review a few of the issues at the intersection of journalism andglobalization and consider a more nuanced view of media within a broader network ofactors, particularly in the case of journalism as it helps create emerging spaces for publicaffairs discourse.
Understanding the complex interplay of the global and local requires aninterdisciplinary perspective, mixing the sociology of globalization with aspects of geogra-phy and social anthropology.
This helps avoid equating certain emerging global newsforms with a new and distinct public sphere. The globalization of journalism occursthrough a multitude of levels, relationships, social actors, and places, as they combine tocreate new public spaces.
Communication research may bring journalism properly to thefore, but it must be considered within the insights into places and relationships providedby these other disciplines. Before addressing these questions, it is helpful to consider howjournalism has figured into some larger debates.
Issues of Scale and HomogeneityOne major fault line lies within the broader context of media, where journalism hasbeen seen as providing flows of information and transnational connections. That makes ita key factor in the phenomenon of media globalization.
McLuhan gave us the enduringimage of the global village, a quasi-utopian idea that has seeped into such theorizingabout the contribution of media.Mapping the Global Public Sphere, I: Transnational Satellite News 8. Mapping the Global Public Sphere, II: Online Journalism and the Blogosphere 9.
From Blogosphere to Public Sphere? Part Four: The Consequences of Cultural Chaos Global News Culture and Authoritarianism Democracy and Hyper-Democracy international journalism, satellite television and other media to provide a workable global public sphere, making them an easy target if “media globalization” comes up short.
In his book, Media.
El Tequio is the expression of transnational communicative action and the creation of self-representation and civic advocacy journalism among marginalized communities. Stories in El Tequio are not only a “bilocal” connection between immigrants’ sending and receiving communities, but part of a transnational dialogue of global voices.
But are immigrant networks a transnational public sphere, or only a line of back and forth communication between sending and receiving communities?
Are immigrant’s communicative practices really transnational, connected to a global landscape of ideas and publics, or are circumscribed to the sending and receiving places, forming only. Indeed, international reporting, as a key component of the would-be global public sphere, flunks Hafez’s ‘global test,’ incur- ring the same criticisms others have leveled for years at national journalism: elite-focused, conflictual, and sensational, with a narrow, parochial emphasis.
tional journalism, satellite television, and other media to provide a workable global public sphere, making them an easy target if they come up short. In his book, Media globalization.