Lisa Wade, PhD on September 30, One way to study social problems is to take a social constructionist approach. This approach suggests that the degree to which a social problem is perceived as problematic, as well as the kind of problem it is understood to be, is a function of social interaction.
In attempting to make sense of the social world, social constructionists view knowledge as constructed as opposed to created. This paper discusses how social constructionists construct knowledge and argues that social constructionism is concerned with the nature of knowledge and how it is created and as such, it is unconcerned with ontological issues.
Society is viewed as existing both as a subjective and an objective reality. Meaning is shared, thereby constituting a taken-for-granted reality. Grounded theorists understand knowledge as beliefs in which people can have reasonable confidence; a common sense understanding and consensual notion as to what constitutes knowledge.
If it is accepted that social constructionism is not based on a relativist perspective, then it is compatible with Grounded Theory methodology. Introduction Social constructionism originated as an attempt to come to terms with the nature of reality.
It emerged some thirty years ago and has its origins in sociology and has been associated with the post-modern era in qualitative research.
This is linked to the hyperbolic doubt posed by Bacon, the idea about how observations are an accurate reflection of the world that is being observed Murphy et al. Social constructionism is essentially an anti-realist, relativist stance Hammersley, The influence of social constructionism is a current issue within grounded theory Charmaz, and as such an understanding of its core concepts is important in evaluating its impact on the methodology.
It is imperative for those considering grounded theory as a methodology for their research to appreciate the differences between grounded theory as originated by Glaser and Strauss and subsequently remodelled using a constructionist perspective.
Given its current and profound influence on grounded theory, constructionism needs to be understood so that they can better evaluate the nature and validity of the arguments surrounding its use. It is less interested if at all in the cognitive processes that accompany knowledge.
The aim of this article is to familiarise readers with the idea of social constructionism. Its impact on grounded theory is the subject of a subsequent article. Origins Burr acknowledges the major influence of Berger and Luckmann in its development.
In turn they acknowledge the influence of Mead, Marx, Schutz and Durkheim on their thinking. Their writing therefore constitutes a synthesis of these influences. The origins of social constructionism can be traced in part to an interpretivist approach to thinking. Mead, one of the originators of symbolic interactionism, is the common link.
However, my understanding is that while they may share common philosophical roots, social constructionism is distinct from interpretivism. In common with constructionists, interpretivists in general focus on the process by which meanings are created, negotiated, sustained and modified Schwandt, Proponents share the goal of understanding the world of lived experience from the perspective of those who live in it.
Both arose as a challenge to scientism and have been influenced by the post-modernist movement. Interpretivism differentiates between the social and natural sciences and has as its goal the understanding of the meaning of social phenomena.
While interpretivists value the human subjective experience, they seek to develop an objective science to study and describe it.Social construction of child and childhood To start with an overview of social constructionism in very general terms leads to build understandings of child and childhood in a social world more explicitly.
Reiko Hayashi and Mariko Kimura, An Exploratory Study on Attitudes Toward Persons with Disabilities Among U.S. and Japanese Social Work Students, Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation, 2, , (65), ().
About Social Realism, Knowledge and the Sociology of Education. This volume covers issues in the sociology of knowledge, the educational system and policy, professional autonomy, vocational education, educational research and teaching, as well as the nature of such disciplines as cultural studies, English, science and the arts.
Obesity has been linked to poor body image. Generally, adolescents’ physical condition of obesity leads to an undesirable body shape, thereby making them feel dissatisfied with their body image. Very few studies have examined body image, as a social construct, in Malaysian context and the process.
Sep 02, · Childhood obesity is a major concern in today's society. Research suggests the inclusion of the views and understandings of a target group . View SOCIAL ECONOMIC STATUS AND OBESITY AND DIABETES from SOC at Middle Tennessee State University.
Running head: SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND OBESITY AND DIABETES 1 Socioeconomic Status and Obesity.