If you punch us, we punch back Wednesday's shootings are possible act of leftist terrorism In the s and s, left-wing terrorism was a common occurrence in the United States Peter Bergen is CNN's national security analyst, a vice president at New America and a professor of practice at Arizona State University.
Ideology[ edit ] Left-wing terrorists have been influenced by various communist and socialist currents, including Marxism.
Asian groups have included the Japanese Red Army and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelamalthough the latter organization later adopted nationalist terrorism. In Latin America, groups that became actively involved in terrorism in the s and s included the Nicaraguan Sandinistasthe Peruvian Shining Pathand the Colombian 19th of April Movement.
They are known for over bombings and other violent incidents that killed eight, and for the kidnap-murder of Quebec politician Pierre Laporte in Terrorism Terrorism and left wing terrorist groups the United States Modern left-wing terrorist groups in the United States developed from remnants of the Weather Underground and extremist elements of the Students for a Democratic Society.
Between andthe Symbionese Liberation Army was active, committing bank robberies, murdersand other acts of violence. Most notably, the group kidnapped heiress Patty Hearst. A study found that in the s "the actual number of acts of terrorism committed by left-wing groups accounted for about three-fourths of all officially designated acts of domestic terrorism in America.
About half of these leftist acts were committed by Puerto Rican groups, while the rest were committed by traditional leftist terrorist groups like M19CO". These organizations opposed the United States government and drew local support, as well as receiving support from the Soviet Union and Cuba.
It funds itself primarily through extortion, kidnapping and their participation in the illegal drug trade. Businesses operating in rural areas, including agricultural, oil, and mining interests, were required to pay "vaccines" monthly payments which "protected" them from subsequent attacks and kidnappings.
An additional, albeit less lucrative, source of revenue was highway blockades in which guerrillas stopped motorists and buses in order to confiscate jewelry and money.
An estimated 20 to 30 percent of FARC combatants are under 18 years old, with many as young as 12 years old, for a total of around children. The May 19 Communist Organization was active from to Widely condemned for its brutality, including violence deployed against peasantstrade union organizers, popularly elected officials and the general civilian population,  Shining Path is on the United States Department of State 's "Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations " list.
Asia[ edit ] Stefan M. Armed Naxalite movements are considered India's largest internal security threat. They aimed to overthrow Nepal's monarchy and parliamentary democracy, and to change Nepalese society, including a purge of the nation's elite class, a state takeover of private industry, and collectivization of agriculture.
The CPN Maoist has consistently targeted private schools, which it ideologically opposes. On the 14 April the CPN Maoist demanded that all private schools shut down, although this demand was withdrawn on 28 April. Following this demand, it bombed two schools in western Nepal on 15 April, a school in Nepalganj, Banke district on 17 April and a school in Kalyanpur, Chitwan on 21 April.
CPN Maoist cadres also reportedly threw a bomb at students taking classes in a school in Khara, Rukum district. Inthey hijacked a plane to North Korea, where nine of their members were interned. Fourteen members were killed during an internal purge.
By the mids, their level of activity had declined and the US State Department no longer considered them a terrorist threat. Intheir leader announced the dissolution of the group, although some of its members were in prison and others were still wanted by police.
Although none have achieved any degree of success in accomplishing their goals, they have caused serious security problems in Germany, Belgium, Italy, Greece, France, Turkey, Portugal and Spain. Between andthey concentrated on non-lethal bombings and strafings of government buildings, although they assassinated a French Ministry of Defense official.
Following arrests of some of its members, the organization declined and became inactive. With about ten members, the CCC financed its activities through a series of bank robberies. Despite attempts to avoid loss of life, there were casualties as a result of these attacks.
After Carette and other members were arrested inthe group ceased to be operational. Carette served 17 years of a life sentence, although his colleagues that were convicted with him were released earlier.
The group has committed a number of kidnappings, initially for political reasons, later on, mainly for extortion. Some of the IPLO's most notable attacks during its existence were: Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho.
They ceased activity in the mid s. The group was captured inafter one of its members was wounded by a bomb he was carrying. As ofthe Counter-Terrorism and Operations Department of Directorate General for Security list it among the 12 active terrorist organizations in Turkey.Whatever Happened to Left-Wing Domestic Terrorism?
The ultra-left-wing terrorist groups of the s generally carried out such attacks in protest of bloody U.S. interventions abroad or the. Both left and right-wing governments and groups that use terrorism are usually authoritarian in nature and on the political fringe (far-left or far-right).
Left-wing terrorism is used to further the ideological goals of governments or groups with far-left political beliefs, usually with the aim of achieving greater equality. Remembering the Left-Wing Terrorism of the s These groups included the Black Panthers, the Black Liberation Army, the Symbionese Liberation Army, the New World Liberation Front, the FALN.
Right-wing terrorism is terrorism motivated by a variety of ideologies and beliefs, 29 Michael observes the waning of left-wing terrorism accompanying the rise of right-wing terrorism, British far-right activists supplied funds and weaponry to Loyalist terrorist groups in Northern Ireland during the Troubles.
Watch video · Despite the nation's intense national focus on Islamic terrorism since 9/11, homegrown, right wing extremists have also killed dozens of Americans.
The . Left Wing Terrorist Groups (Anarchist) Pejoritive Overtones of the word "Terrorism"Terrorist acts represent a unique form of crime by dint of their political content. Terrorism is thus differentiated from other criminal uses of violence by the political end-state which is .