Peripheral arterial disease

Patient Handouts Summary Peripheral arterial disease PAD happens when there is a narrowing of the blood vessels outside of your heart.

Peripheral arterial disease

Physical inactivity Smoking or use of tobacco products Those who smoke or have diabetes have the highest risk of complications from PVD because these risk factors also cause impaired blood flow. What are the symptoms of peripheral vascular disease?

About half the people diagnosed with PVD are symptom free. For those with symptoms, the most common first symptom is painful leg cramping that occurs with exercise and is relieved by rest intermittent claudication.

During rest, the muscles need less blood flow, so the pain disappears. It may occur in one or both legs depending on the location of the clogged or narrowed artery.

Other symptoms of PVD may include: See your healthcare provider for a diagnosis. How is peripheral vascular disease diagnosed?

Along with a complete medical history and physical exam, other tests may include: This is an X-ray of the arteries and veins to detect blockage or narrowing. This procedure involves inserting a thin, flexible tube into an artery in the leg and injecting a contrast dye.

The contrast dye makes the arteries and veins visible on the X-ray. An ABI is a comparison of the blood pressure in the ankle with the blood pressure in the arm using a regular blood pressure cuff and a Doppler ultrasound device.

To determine the ABI, the systolic blood pressure the top number of the blood pressure measurement of the ankle is divided by the systolic blood pressure of the arm. Doppler ultrasound flow studies.

This uses high-frequency sound waves and a computer to create images of blood vessels, tissues, and organs. Your doctor may use the Doppler technique to measure and assess the flow of blood. Faintness or absence of sound may mean blood flow is blocked.

Magnetic resonance angiography MRA. This noninvasive test uses a combination of a large magnet, radio frequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures in the body. Your doctor injects a special dye during the procedure so that blood vessels are more visible.

For this test, you will walk on a treadmill so your doctor can monitor blood circulation during exercise. This exam is comparable to the ankle brachial index except that it uses a very tiny blood pressure cuff around the toe and a PPG sensor infrared light to evaluate blood flow near the surface of the skin to record waveforms and blood pressure measurements.

Your doctor can then compare these measurements to the systolic blood pressure in the arm. Pulse volume recording PVR waveform analysis. Your doctor uses this technique to calculate blood volume changes in the legs using a recording device that displays the results as a waveform.

While you are lying on your back, your doctor takes comparative blood pressure measurements on the thighs and ankles to determine any decrease between the sites.

Peripheral arterial disease

What is the treatment for peripheral vascular disease? The main goals for treatment of PVD are to control the symptoms and halt the progression of the disease to lower the risk for heart attack, stroke, and other complications.

Lifestyle changes to control risk factors, including regular exercise, proper nutrition, and quitting smoking Aggressive treatment of existing conditions that may worsen PVD, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol Medicines to improve blood flow, such as antiplatelet agents blood thinners and medicines that relax the blood vessel walls Vascular surgery —a bypass graft using a blood vessel from another part of the body or a tube made of synthetic material is placed in the area of the blocked or narrowed artery to reroute the blood flow Angioplasty — your doctor inserts a catheter long hollow tube to create a larger opening in an artery to increase blood flow.

There are several types of angioplasty procedures, including: Balloon angioplasty a small balloon is inflated inside the blocked artery to open the blocked area Atherectomy the blocked area inside the artery is "shaved" away by a tiny device on the end of a catheter Laser angioplasty a laser is used to "vaporize" the blockage in the artery Stent a tiny coil is expanded inside the blocked artery to open the blocked area and is left in place to keep the artery open An angiogram may be done before angioplasty and vascular surgery.

What are the complications of peripheral vascular disease? Complications of PVD most often occur because of decreased or absent blood flow. Such complications may include:Peripheral artery disease is a major risk factor for heart attack and stroke. PAD is more common in African-Americans than other racial groups; and men are slightly more likely than women to.

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) happens when there is a narrowing of the blood vessels outside of your heart. The cause of PAD is happens when plaque builds up on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the arms and legs.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition of the blood vessels that supply the legs and feet. It leads to narrowing and hardening of the arteries. This causes decreased blood flow, which can injure nerves and other tissues. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a slow and progressive circulation disorder.

Narrowing, blockage, or spasms in a blood vessel can cause PVD. PVD may affect any blood vessel outside of the heart including the arteries, veins, or lymphatic vessels.

Oct 30,  · Peripheral artery disease is a narrowing of the peripheral arteries serving the legs, stomach, arms and head. (“Peripheral” in this case means away from the heart, in the outer regions of the body.) PAD most commonly affects arteries in the legs. Both PAD and coronary artery disease (CAD) are.

Peripheral Arterial Disease. Also Called. PAD, peripheral vascular occlusive disease (PVOD), peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD), “hardening” of the arteries, peripheral atherosclerosis. Peripheral Artery Disease. Edited by DR.

Peripheral arterial disease

KELLIE R. BROWN. PAD is a chronic disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries to the legs.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic