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Electronic Submission Margins Except for the running head see belowleave margins of one inch at the top and bottom and on both sides of the text. Text Formatting Always choose an easily readable typeface Times New Roman is just one example in which the regular type style contrasts clearly with the italic, and set it to a standard size, such as 12 points.
Do not justify the lines of text at the right margin; turn off any automatic hyphenation feature in your writing program. Double-space the Paraphrases in research papers research paper, including quotations, notes, and the list of works cited.
Indent the first line of a paragraph half an inch from the left margin. Leave one space after a period or other concluding punctuation mark, unless your instructor prefers two spaces.
On a new, double-spaced line, center the title fig. Do not italicize or underline your title, put it in quotation marks or boldface, or type it in all capital letters.
Follow the rules for capitalization in the MLA Handbook 67—68and italicize only the words that you would italicize in the text.
Begin your text on a new, double-spaced line after the title, indenting the first line of the paragraph half an inch from the left margin. The top of the first page of a research paper. A research paper does not normally need a title page, but if the paper is a group project, create a title page and list all the authors on it instead of in the header on page 1 of your essay.
If your teacher requires a title page in lieu of or in addition to the header, format it according to the instructions you are given. Running Head with Page Numbers Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin.
Type your last name, followed by a space, before the page number fig.
Do not use the abbreviation p. Your writing program will probably allow you to create a running head of this kind that appears automatically on every page. Some teachers prefer that no running head appear on the first page.
The running head of a research paper. Placement of the List of Works Cited The list of works cited appears at the end of the paper, after any endnotes. Begin the list on a new page. The list contains the same running head as the main text. The page numbering in the running head continues uninterrupted throughout.
For example, if the text of your research paper including any endnotes ends on page 10, the works-cited list begins on page Center the title, Works Cited, an inch from the top of the page fig.
If the list contains only one entry, make the heading Work Cited. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Begin each entry flush with the left margin; if an entry runs more than one line, indent the subsequent line or lines half an inch from the left margin.
This format is sometimes called hanging indention, and you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs.
Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use. Double-space the entire list. Continue it on as many pages as necessary. The top of the first page of a works-cited list. Tables and Illustrations Place tables and illustrations as close as possible to the parts of the text to which they relate.
A table is usually labeled Table, given an arabic numeral, and titled. Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters.
Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.
Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. A table in a research paper. Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig.pp.
, ] When you put information in your own words by summarizing or paraphrasing, you must cite the original author and year.
APA () also recommends you include a page or paragraph number to “help an interested reader locate the relevant passage” (p.
). This paper approaches the form and function of paraphrase as a discourse phenomenon in Ancient Greek, using as corpus the Republic of Plato. According to the data provided by the Platonic dialogue, paraphrases mostly appear as mere appositions, being loose appositions with extra-clausal nature.
A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings. It can be either a term paper, a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation. INTEGRATING QUOTES AND PARAPHRASES IN RESEARCH PAPERS.
If you lack personal experience in a subject, you will turn to sources to learn what you need to. The Basic Outline of a Paper The following outline shows a basic format for most academic papers.
No matter what length the paper needs to be, it should still follow the format of . An outline is a “blueprint” or “plan” for your paper.
It helps you to organize your thoughts and arguments. A good outline can make conducting research and then writing the paper very efficient.