This is a public service of the University of California. Social psychologist Stanley Milgram researched the effect of authority on obedience. He concluded people obey either out of fear or out of a desire to appear cooperative--even when acting against their own better judgment and desires. It is my opinion that Milgram's book should be required reading see References below for anyone in supervisory or management positions.
Milgram's obedience experiment A controversial experiment on conformity and obedience conducted in the early s. Stanley Milgraman American experimental psychologist at Yale Universityconducted a series of experiments on conformity and obedience to authority.
In these experiments, Milgram recruited subjects—ordinary citizens—through newspaper advertisements offering four dollars for one hour's participation in a "study of memory.
The teacher-subject then would test the learner's ability to recall the pairs by reading back the first word in each pair. Whenever the learner made a mistake, the teacher-subject was instructed to administer punishment in the form of electric shock.
This instruction, by an authority figure or employer to administer pain to a human being, is at the heart of the controversy. The teacher-subject watched as the learner was strapped into a chair and an electrode was attached to the learner's wrist.
The teacher was encouraged by the experimenters to continue to administer the shocks. Milgram found that the 65 percent of the teacher-subjects would continue to do what they were told, even though the learners could be heard pleading and screaming, and concluded that most people will follow the instructions of an authority figure as long as they considered the authority as legitimate.
Many psychologists and others questioned the ethics of conducting such experiments, where participants were encouraged, in the name of scientific experimentation, to inflict pain on others. Another aspect of the controversy surrounding Milgram's work focused on the implications of his findings for the future of societies and their authority figures.
Further Reading Milgram, Stanley.
A Reply to Baumrind," American Psychologist, Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. · Milgram’s obedience experiment, conducted from at Yale University, was his most significant accomplishment because it revealed an ugly truth about the fragility of individual morality and rationality when tested under monstermanfilm.com /monstermanfilm.com · At the end of the experiment, Burger was left with an obedience rate around the same as the one Milgram had recorded—proving, he said, not only that Milgram’s numbers had been accurate, but monstermanfilm.com Milgram’s Experiment on Obedience to Authority.
Gregorio Billikopf Encina University of California. Why is it so many people obey when they feel coerced? Social psychologist Stanley Milgram researched the effect of authority on obedience.
He concluded people obey either out of fear or out of a desire to appear cooperative--even when acting. Learn about Stanley Milgram's famous experiment on obedience to authority and what may determine obedience.
Then, test yourself on why his experiment had such an impact in the psychology monstermanfilm.com://monstermanfilm.com /monstermanfilm.com · Stanley Milgram's test subjects were not the only ones misled by his famous experiments on obedience. Did Stanley Milgram's Famous Obedience Experiments Prove Anything?
between, for example, a Yale laboratory and a Nazi death camp? Or, in the case of Vietnam, between a one-hour experiment and a multiyear, multifaceted war?
On these monstermanfilm.com · Social psychologist Stanley Milgram researched the effect of authority on obedience. He concluded people obey either out of fear or out of a desire to appear cooperative--even when acting against their own better judgment and monstermanfilm.com://monstermanfilm.com